Huhu Gao #, Yuchen Guo, Mengyuan Ren, Lijun Tang, Wenxin Gao, Song Tian, Guangda Shao, Qin Peng, Biao Gu , Jianqiang Miao and Xili Liu *.Phytophthora RxLR effector PcSnel4B promotes degradation of resistance protein AtRPS2.Plant Physiology.2023.193: 1547–1560.
Phytophthora capsici deploys effector proteins to manipulate host immunity and facilitate its colonization. However, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that a Sne-like (Snel) RxLR effector gene PcSnel4 is highly expressed at the early stages of P. capsici infection in Nicotiana benthamiana. Knocking out both alleles of PcSnel4 attenuated the virulence of P. capsici, while expression of PcSnel4 promoted its colonization in N. benthamiana. PcSnel4B could suppress the hypersensitive reaction (HR) induced by Avr3a-R3a and RESISTANCE TO PSEUDOMONAS SYRINGAE 2 (AtRPS2), but it did not suppress cell death elicited by Phytophthora infestin 1 (INF1) and Crinkler 4 (CRN4). COP9 signalosome 5 (CSN5) in N. benthamiana was identified as a host target of PcSnel4. Silencing NbCSN5 compromised the cell death induced by AtRPS2. PcSnel4B impaired the interaction and colocalization of Cullin1 (CUL1) and CSN5 in vivo. Expression of AtCUL1 promoted the degradation of AtRPS2 and disrupted HR, while AtCSN5a stabilized AtRPS2 and promoted HR, regardless of the expression of AtCUL1. PcSnel4 counteracted the effect of AtCSN5 and enhanced the degradation of AtRPS2, resulting in HR suppression. This study deciphered the underlying mechanism of PcSnel4-mediated suppression of HR induced by AtRPS2.