Sensitivity and Resistance Risk Assessment of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici to Triadimefon in China

Author:  Source:  Date:2022-01-03  Views:

论文信息:Sensitivity and Resistance Risk Assessment of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici to Triadimefon in China,Gangming Zhan#, Fan Ji#, Jun Zhao, Yue Liu, Aihong Zhou, Minghao Xia, Juntian Zhang, Lili Huang, Jun Guo*, and Zhensheng Kang*,Plant Disease,2021. doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-10-21-2168-RE


论文摘要:Wheat stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is a destructive disease of wheat that seriously threatens production safety in wheat-producing areas worldwide. In China, the disease has been largely controlled with fungicide triadimefon. Although high levels of fungicide resistance in other fungal pathogens have been reported, failure to control Pst with any fungicides has seldomly been reported and fungicide sensitivity of Pst has not been evaluated in China. The distribution of triadimefon-resistant Pst isolates was investigated in the present study. The baseline sensitivity of 446 Pst isolates across the country to triadimefon was determined, and the concentration for 50% of maximal effect (EC 50 ) showed a unimodal distribution curve, with a mean value of 0.19 μg mL -1 . The results indicated a wide range of sensitivity to triadimefon, with more insensitive isolates collected from Pst winter-increasing areas and northwest over-summering areas, whereas more sensitive isolates were collected from southwest over-summering areas and epidemic areas of Xinjiang and Tibet. The majority of the tested Pst isolates were sensitive to triadimefon; only 6.79% had developed varying degrees of resistance. Characterization of parasitic fitness revealed that the triadimefon-resistant isolates exhibited strong adaptive traits in urediniospore germination rate, latent period, sporulation intensity, and lesion expansion rate. Positive cross-resistance was observed between triadimefon and tebuconazole or hexaconazole, but not between pyraclostrobin or flubeneteram. The point mutation Y134F in the 14α-demethylase enzyme (CYP51) was detected in triadimefon-resistant isolates. A molecular method (Kompetitive Allele Specific PCR) was established for the rapid detection of Y134F mutants in the Pst population. Two genotypes with one point mutation Y134F conferred resistance to triadimefon in Pst. The risk of resistance to triadimefon in Pst may be low to moderate. This study provided important data for establishment of high throughput molecular detection methods, fungicide resistance risk management, and the development of new target fungicides.